The idea on building Hospital Institute at Zlatibor appeared by the end of the 19th century and it was realized in the second half of the twentieth century. The locality of Zlatibor was chosen on the basis of the elaborate craeted by a team of experts: doctors, climatologists, architects. The results of treatment were uncomparably better than the ones of previous treatment exclusively with medicaments, so this Institute has become a unique center for treating thyroid gland disorders on the Balkans. From its estblishment there was a tendency towards a scientific – experts’ rise, where the cooperation with The Institute for Endrocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism Disorders of the University Clynical Center in Belgrade had a great contribution, thus enabling our Institute to become a base of the Medicial Faculty within which a scientific, educational and specialized activities have developed. The Special Hospital is engaged in complete diagnostics and therapy of thyroid gland disorders, diagnostics and therapy of cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis diagnostics, therapy of children and At the Hospital Department of the Special Hospital, rehabilitation of the patients of thyroid gland and other endocrinology diseases is carried out. The Hospital Department works for 24 hours, in three shifts. Patients are under permanent control of doctors and nurses. During their stay a continual education is carried out through the processes of health care. Health care of endocrinological patients is carried out according to the standards and work normatives. At the Hospital Department there are 6 doctors, out of which 3 are internal medicine specialists, 1 occupational medicine specialist, 2 doctors at the specalization of internal medicine and 13 nurses, out of which 3 nurses are with higher medical school and 10 nurses with secondary medical school. adolescent obesity, diagnostics and therapy of skeletal joint system.