AREA: 51.197 km²
CLIMATE: continental climate
POPULATION: 3.531.159
LANGUAGE: Bosnia's constitution does not specify any official languages. Bosnia and Herzegovina recognizes the following minority languages: Albanian, Montenegrin, Czech, Italian, Hungarian, Macedonian, German, Polish, Romani, Romanian, Rysin, Slovak, Slovene, Turkish, Ukrainian and Jewish
CAPITAL: Sarajevo
OTHER BIG CITIES: Banja Luka, Tuzla,Mostar
GOVERNMENT: Federal parliamentary republic
RELIGION: Islam, Serbian Orthodox, Roman Catholic
CURRENCY: Convertible mark (BAM)


Bosnia and Herzegovina in short, often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula. Sarajevo is the capital and largest city. Bordered by Croatia to the north, west, and south; Serbia to the east; Montenegro to the southeast; and the Adriatic Sea to the south, with a coastline about 20 kilometres (12 miles) long surrounding the city of Neum. In the central and eastern interior of the country the geography is mountainous, in the northwest it is moderately hilly, and the northeast is predominantly flatland. The inland is a geographically larger region and has a moderate continental climate, with hot summers and cold and snowy winters. The southern tip of the country has a Mediterranean climate and plain topography. Bosnia is well known for its local specialties: ćevapi, burek, dolma, and a whole range of Eastern sweets: baklava . Međugorje has become one of the most popular pilgrimage sites for Christians in the world and has turned into Europe's third most important religious place, where each year more than 1 million people visit. It has been estimated that 30 million pilgrims have come to Međugorje since the reputed apparitions began in 1981. Bosnia has also become an increasingly popular skiing and Ecotourism destination. Some of the tourist attractions in Bosnia and Herzegovina include: Sarajevo, Mostar, Visegrad.