Croatia


 

CROATIA BASIC INFO


AREA: 56.594 km²
CLIMATE: moderately warm and rainy continental climate
POPULATION: 4.284,889
LANGUAGE: The official language is Croatian
CAPITAL: Zagreb
OTHER BIG CITIES: Dubrovnik, Split, Sibenik, Zadar
GOVERNMENT: Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
RELIGION: Roman Catholic
TIME: GMT + 1
CURRENCY: Euro (EUR)

THE REPUBLIC OF CROATIA


Croatia , officially the Republic of Croatia is a sovereign state at the crossroads of Central Europe, Southeast Europe, and the Mediterranean. Its capital city is Zagreb, which forms one of the country's primary subdivisions, along with its twenty counties. Croatia covers 56,594 square kilometres (21,851 square miles) and has diverse, mostly continental and Mediterranean climates. Croatia's Adriatic Sea coast contains more than a thousand islands. Croatian traditional cuisine varies from one region to another. Dalmatia and Istria draw upon culinary influences of Italian and other Mediterranean cuisines which prominently feature various seafood, cooked vegetables and pasta, as well as condiments such as olive oil and garlic. The continental cuisine is heavily influenced by Hungarian, Austrian and Turkish culinary styles. In that area, meats, freshwater fish and vegetable dishes are predominant.
Croatia is also well known for its wine.There are two distinct wine-producing regions in Croatia. The continental region in the north-east of the country, especially Slavonia is capable of producing premium wines, particularly whites. Along the north coast, Istrian and Krk wines are similar to those produced in neighbouring Italy, while further south in Dalmatia, Mediterranean-style red wines are the norm.
Tourism is a major industry in Croatia. The Croatian National Tourist Board has divided Croatia into six distinct tourist regions: Istria, Kvarner and Highlands, Dalmatia ( Zadar, Sibenik, Split, Dubrovnik), Central Croatia, Slavonia and Zagreb.

Croatian sites which are on the World Heritage Sight List:

PLITVICE LAKE NATIONAL PARK

Over time, water has flowed over the natural limestone and chalk, creating natural dams which in turn have created a series of connecting lakes, waterfalls, and caves. The nearby forests are home to bears, wolves and many rare bird species.

HISTORICAL COMPLEX OF SPLIT WITH THE PALACE OF DIOCLETIAN

The palace was built by the Roman emperor Diocletian at the turn of the 4th century AD, and later served as the basis of the city of Split. A cathedral was built in the Middle Ages inside the ancient mausoleum, along with churches, fortifications, Gothic and Renaissance palaces. The Baroque style makes up the rest of the area.

OLD CITY OF DUBROVNIK

Dubrovnik became a prosperous Maritime Republic during the Middle Ages, it became the only eastern Adriatic city-state to rival Venice. Supported by its wealth and skilled diplomacy, the city achieved a remarkable level of development, particularly during the 15th and 16th centuries.

EUPHRASIAN BASILICA IN POREC

The episcopal complex, with its striking mosaics dating back to the 6th century, exemplifies early Byzantine art and architecture in the Mediterranean region. It includes the basilica itself, a sacristy, a baptistery and the bell tower of the nearby archbishop's palace.

TROGIR

Trogir's rich culture was created under the influence of old Greeks, Romans, and Venetians. It is the best-preserved Romanesque-Gothic in Central Europe. Trogir's medieval core, surrounded by walls, comprises a preserved castle and tower and a series of dwellings and palaces from the Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque periods.

CATHEDRAL OF SAINT JAMES

The cathedral is a triple-nave basilica with three apses and a dome (32 m high inside) and is also a significant architectural monument of the Renaissance in the eastern Adriatic.

STARI GRAD PLAIN, HVAR

The Stari Grad Plain is an agricultural landscape that was set up by the ancient Greek colonists in the 4th century BC, and remains in use today. The plain is mostly still in its original form. The ancient layout has been preserved by careful maintenance of the stone walls over 2,400 years.